Worms are a type of simple worms that lead a parasitic lifestyle in humans. They often go unnoticed, but, nevertheless, they slowly but surely cause irreparable harm to health. Some types of worms can travel with blood flow throughout the body. They most often affect the gastrointestinal tract, are much less likely to live in the heart, brain, eyes, muscles and lungs. Everyone knows that the stomach has an aggressive acidic environment, so many people are interested in the question, can worms be in the stomach?
Worms are not so easy to get into the body of an adult healthy person. The fact is that an uninvited guest will find many obstacles to a carefree existence at the expense of a foreign organism. Firstly, enzymes in the oral cavity are detrimental to parasites. Secondly, the worm encounters an aggressive acidic environment in the stomach. Third, local intestinal immunity can also defeat an intruder.
Gastric worms rarely start in the body of completely healthy people. Most often, helminths attack children and people with weakened immune systems. Worms in the stomach can occur if the acidity of the juice is greatly reduced. They usually do not live in an acidic environment, they are more comfortable living in the intestines.
Of course, most worms enter the body through the stomach. They are not digested, because at the stage of the larva they have a dense shell, a kind of capsule that protects them and does not dissolve. But, unfortunately, there are very few absolutely healthy people, therefore, according to statistics, every 4 inhabitants of the planet are infected with one or another type of parasite. Worms in the stomach can be seen in the photo, they appear there when the acidic medium is already absent.
Symptoms of worms in the stomach
Worms in the stomach usually do not live, but on the other hand, they enter the intestines through this organ, where they begin to multiply actively and thereby harm health. The danger lies in the fact that the so-called gastric worm can mask well. Helminthic invasion does not always have specific signs, so the patient may not be aware of his diagnosis. Most often, the symptoms of worms in the stomach are as follows: discomfort in the digestive tract, allergic reactions and weakness. Many diseases cause such symptoms, which is why diagnosis is often difficult.
But if nevertheless the worms in the stomach did not dissolve and passed all the protective barriers and reached the intestines, then their violent activity in the body can be recognized by the following signs:
- Discomfort in the stomach. Can the stomach hurt from worms? Many types of parasites can cause discomfort in the abdomen. Cramps, rumbling, or gurgling may occur that are independent of food intake.
- Digestive upset. Helminths in the human stomach do not last long and enter the intestine almost immediately. There they begin to multiply actively, which can lead to blockage of the intestinal and biliary tract. As a result, the patient may suffer from constipation. Intestinal parasites cause harm to the body not only by their presence, but also by the fact that they secrete poison in the course of their life, and it can cause diarrhea.
- Gases and bloating. Worms in the stomach and intestines cause many symptoms, one of them is flatulence. The fact is that some types of worms live in the small intestine, they irritate it and cause inflammation, this is what leads to the formation of gases. Flatulence can torment the patient for a long time.
- Anemia. As a rule, parasites, getting into the gastrointestinal tract, begin to suck out useful trace elements from the body. If the number of gastric worms is large, then they can cause a lack of iron due to which anemia occurs.
- Joint pain. Helminths, getting into the stomach and then into the intestines, can move throughout the body with a blood stream. Sometimes they appear in the muscles and in the joint fluid, thereby causing painful sensations that can be confused with another disease, for example, arthritis.
- Chronic fatigue. Weakness, constant fatigue can be caused by many diseases, including helminthic invasion. Due to the active life of the parasites, the body lacks nutrients, so it cannot function normally. The patient becomes weak and lethargic, mood worsens.
- Sleep disturbance. Worms from the human stomach can pass through the bloodstream to any organs. Due to intoxication of the body with the waste products of worms, the liver works hard, especially at night. She, therefore, is trying to get rid of parasites. The patient can wake up at about 3 a.m., because the liver is activated and interferes with normal sleep.
- Nervousness. Parasites poison the body, the substances they secrete irritate the nervous system. That is why the patient can be irritable and nervous.
The above symptoms are not a direct indication that a person has worms in the stomach or intestines. These signs may indicate various diseases. But if there are even a few symptoms, then you should beware, perhaps unwanted guests have settled in the body.
Diagnosis of gastric worms
Given the prevalence of worms in the population, diagnostic methods have changed a lot. It is not always possible to determine the presence of parasites in the body through the usual delivery of feces. Not all types of worms leave the body, so they often go unnoticed.
Even if the doctor suspected the presence of helminths in the patient’s body, a fecal test does not always give a positive result. That is why this verification method is not reliable. Worms lay their eggs after a certain period of time, so it is difficult to guess this frequency.
There are other more modern diagnostic methods that allow you to identify worms in the stomach and in other organs, namely:
- Linked immunosorbent assay. If foreign organisms are present in the body, then special antibodies are produced by the immune system. The presence of antibodies in the blood indicates that the body has been attacked by parasites.
- The method of bioresonance. This method is based on the fact that all living things have a certain frequency of radiation and worms, too. A special device allows you to recognize by these frequencies in which organs there are parasites. Some doctors reject this diagnostic method, considering it paramedical.
- PCR method. It is made on the basis of DNA analysis, thus it is possible to determine the presence of helminthic invasion. This diagnostic method is not very informative.
Thanks to modern diagnostic methods, it is possible to identify foci of infection. But this is not always possible, since some people are used to not paying attention to obvious signs, so many cases of the disease remain unsolved. Helminths in the stomach or in any other organ that are carefully considered for their health are a serious danger.
Worms living in the stomach
We have established that the gastric region is an abnormal habitat for parasites that infect the human body. Can there be worms in the stomach? They can get there only by chance - helminths are still looking for a comfortable place of residence for themselves.
Small parasites (such as pinworms, roundworms, etc.) die even in a slightly acidic environment, so being here is deadly for them. Only large worms remain in the stomach. They are able to survive in his environment for a relatively long time. In particular, these are the following helminths:
- Pork chain. Belongs to tapeworms. The ultimate host of the parasite is just the person. The length of an adult (sexually mature) individual can reach 3 meters. The main habitat of the worm is the intestinal tract.
- The chain is bovine. Like the previous one, refers to tapeworms. The ultimate host of the parasite will also be a man. Helminth is widespread in Eastern Europe, the Philippines, Africa and Latin America. Its adult representatives choose the small intestine of a person as their place of residence. The size of a mature individual is amazing - from 4 to 10 meters!
- Ascaris is human. This is a roundworm. Its length does not exceed 40 cm. It accidentally enters the stomach, as well as chokes, when patients cough up sputum from the lungs and swallow this mass (through the esophagus into the stomach).
- Toxocara cat or canine. Helminth, as the name implies, is not at all typical of humans. It can accidentally get into the stomach after contact with a sick animal - if you kissed, stroked a cat or a dog. The length of his body usually cannot be more than 12 cm.
- Whispers. The parasite belongs to roundworms. The habitual habitat for him is the human colon. The main nutrition is tissue fluid and blood. Dimensions - 3-5 cm.
It should be noted that only small (baby) specimens of tapeworm (pork and bovine) can exist in the stomach. Matured representatives simply do not fit in it. The remaining worms in the stomach can be of completely different ages. If the patient’s gastric juice contains even a small amount of hydrochloric acid, this is already an unfavorable condition for helminth. At any opportunity, he will try to change his place of residence.
How can I get infected?
Worms in the human stomach can be one of the following methods:
- Primary swallowing. So in the human stomach can be eggs and larvae of helminths. Their important feature is a solid outer shell. It is she who allows without consequences to survive the negative impact of hydrochloric acid and to "travel" further - to the intestine, which is comfortable for living. There the parasite develops and lives.
- Secondary ingestion. This is the entry into the stomach of sputum from the bronchi, lungs, in which either eggs or vegetative forms of small helminths are contained. By the way, the respiratory system is a popular place of residence for intermediate forms of parasites.
- Hematogenous pathway. How do worms in the stomach turn out in this way? The parasite enters with a blood stream. Coming out of a blood vessel, he hooks on the wall of the organ and remains in it. Such a path of movement is most characteristic of helminths “armed” with auxiliary hooks.
- Moving vegetative forms. As a rule, this is a consequence of improper therapy for helminthiasis. As a result of exposure to drugs, the worm does not die, but sets in motion, trying to get to a less aggressive environment. The method is typical for the movement of large worms - in particular, bovine and pork tapeworm.
The passage of cysts and larvae through the stomach passes in most cases painlessly for the patient. Only the “journey” of adult forms can cause discomfort - pain, bloating and other symptoms occur.
Signs of helminths in the stomach
When worms settled in it, does the stomach hurt? Even experienced specialists cannot give a definite answer to the question - this is too individual an indicator, depending on many factors.
Here are the main symptoms of worms in the stomach:
- In the epigastric zone, the patient will feel heaviness or other discomfort.
- The person has signs of intoxication.
- Violation of the usual defecation regimen, fecal characteristics.
- Sleep disturbance.
- Chronic feeling of tiredness.
- Exacerbation of chronic gastrointestinal diseases - gastritis, stomach ulcers, etc.
You see that there are no specific symptoms on the basis of which it can be argued that the worms in the stomach. Therefore, external manifestations to the attending physician are not enough to establish this fact. Specialists in this case resort to endoscopic examination.
Are there worms for stomach pain, only a comprehensive diagnosis will help to establish. Her methods in this case include the following:
- Biochemical and general analysis of patient blood samples.
- Studies on the complex "antigen-antibody."
- Endoscopic examination.
I would like to dwell on the last diagnostic method. Endoscopy is the introduction of a special thin probe into the patient’s stomach through the esophagus, at the end of which there is a video camera. This research method helps to determine a lot:
- Visual detection by a specialist of large helminths.
- Detection of traces of waste products that settled in the stomach, parasites.
- Assessment of the general condition of the stomach.
- The basis for determining a particular treatment is from stopping bleeding to extracting a settled parasite.
Contraindications to endoscopy
As you noticed, the endoscopic method is associated with the mechanical penetration of the probe into the patient’s stomach. And such a manipulation can be contraindicated in a number of cases:
- Angina pectoris.
- Myocardial infarction.
- Esophageal ulcer.
- Esophageal spasm.
- Aortic aneurysm.
- Varicose veins passing through the esophagus, stomach, etc.
If the patient has contraindications to gastroscopy, then this manipulation is replaced by ultrasound and radiography. But these methods will be inferior in their information content and the functionality of endoscopy.
The therapy in this case will be aimed at the destruction of parasites that have settled in the stomach, as well as at the restoration of the organ and the whole organism of the patient, affected by their vital functions.
Treatment consists of three areas:
- Drug therapy.
- Reception by the patient of biologically active additives - dietary supplements.
We will consider each of the methods in detail. However, such methods of conservative treatment are used only for cases when there is a small parasite in the stomach. When this is a large individual (the same bull tapeworm), then only surgical (surgical) intervention is prescribed to the patient.
All drug treatment for helminthic invasion will be divided into two areas:
- Mebendazole group. These are drugs such as Vormil, Albendazole, Vermox. They are distinguished by greater toxicity compared to the second group. Hence, many experts believe that the use of such drugs to get rid of worms in the stomach is unreasonable.
- Levamisole group. It includes the following funds - "Dekaris", "Pirantel", "Helminthox". Less toxicity to the human body, but at the same time a good antihistamine effect.
Drugs are usually prescribed at a rate of 10 mg / kg of human body weight. The patient takes the remedy in the morning, after a light breakfast.
Since worms in the stomach are considered one of the easiest forms of helminth infestation, many believe that in this case simple folk remedies can be dispensed with. We advise, when applying this method of treatment, not to ignore the recommendations of a professional doctor.
What can be used from this category:
- Onions or garlic. It is enough to periodically eat this product for its negative effect on the worms that have settled in the stomach. Garlic or onion is eaten both in its pure form and in combination with raw pumpkin seeds or milk - for the best effect.
- A herbal decoction of three components - chopped tansy flowers, which are mixed with wormwood and cloves. But be careful - the method is not recommended for pregnant women and nursing mothers.
- Walnuts and a decoction of birch leaf.Mild effects that are just right for pregnant and young children.
Reception of dietary supplements
A universal tool that combines the effect of the two previous ones - the effectiveness of the first and the safety, environmental friendliness of the second. The basis of dietary supplements is herbal remedies with antihistamine action. These are mint, ginger, cloves, birch leaf, wormwood, tansy and so on.
The most effective dietary supplements of this group include Troika, Intoxic, Baktefort, and so on.
Preventive measures against worms in the stomach are the same as for counteracting any other helminthiasis. First of all, this is the observance of the rules of personal hygiene:
- Washing hands before eating, after the street and visiting the toilet room.
- Mandatory washing of fresh vegetables and fruits, herbs under running water.
- Heat treatment of meat, fish, eggs before eating.
Worms in the stomach are a rare occurrence. Endoscopic diagnosis helps to identify it. Treatment, prevention do not differ from the fight against other helminthic invasion.
What worms survive in the stomach?
Worms in the stomach can not lead a full life activity. But this is due solely to the composition of the gastric juice, that is, the features of balance, the ratio of substances in internal fluids. In the event that the natural balance is disturbed, the concentration of acids in the gastric juice decreases, the conditions inside this organ cease to be unacceptable for worms and other parasites.
Survive in the stomach with a slight decrease in acid concentration are able to:
In order to form foci of the disease, regardless of which organ of the human body they will be located, worms need to be inside the body. In other words, a person must become infected with parasites.
There are many options for infection with worms and other pathogenic organisms. But in the vast majority of cases, people become infected under the following circumstances:
- Drinking non-boiling water - filters do not trap eggs and larvae of intestinal parasites, and disinfection used on water intakes does not destroy them either.
- Eating dishes and products that were within the reach of insects - flies and other insects carry invasive eggs and larvae of many intestinal parasites.
- Poor washing of vegetables, berries, greens or fruits - eggs and larvae of some varieties of worms live in the upper layers of the soil, getting from there to vegetables, berries or are transferred by birds and insects to fruits and fruits.
- Food in street eateries and other dubious establishments - incomplete compliance by cooks with sanitary requirements for the maintenance of the kitchen and the process of cooking itself often leads to the fact that a cafeteria or a public catering establishment of another type becomes a source of infection with intestinal parasites. Moreover, not only kitchen workers, but also waiters or peddlers who forget to wash their hands can be guilty of this.
- Work in the ground without protective gloves - often people understand that the eggs or larvae of worms can be under the nails and put on gloves when working in the garden or in the garden, but they forget to do this while doing indoor floriculture, which often leads to the entry of parasites into the body.
- Incomplete personal hygiene - to protect yourself from infection, it is not enough to rinse your hands with water after visiting the toilet, you need to regularly wash them thoroughly with soap and water throughout the day, and remember to clean dirt from under the nails, even if it is only street dust.
- Close contact with a person with helminthiasis - the sources of spread of parasites and infection of other people, they often become those who are infected with invasions, eggs of worms, as a rule, are under the nails of the patient and subsequently fall on household items, dishes and other things that others use people.
- Contact with animals - many parasites are carried by animals, sometimes it is enough to just pet a cute animal in a contact zoo to get infected with them, and then have a bite to eat at a local cafe without washing their hands, they also get infected from their own, pet pets - dogs or cats.
- Eating foods that have not undergone a complete heat treatment, especially meat products - this way tapeworms and some other parasitic species penetrate the human body.
Of course, there are other ways of infection with worms - bathing in inappropriate places or in wild natural reservoirs, sitting on the grass or walking barefoot in soil sections infected with worms and others. But such cases of infection are not very many, and they are usually associated with tourism and recreation in the southern regions.
What contributes to the gastric localization of worms?
With a typical development of invasion, helminths do not live in the stomach, moreover, even their eggs do not linger in it. In order for the worms to be in this organ, there must be internal prerequisites for such an atypical development of helminthiasis.
The main factor provoking the formation of an invasion focus in this organ is the narrowing of the intestinal lumen at the exit from the stomach. This can be either a congenital physiological anomaly, or acquired. Poor patency in the intestine plays a role not only at the site of its junction with the stomach.
Clogged intestines with slag, mucus, or hardened residues of undigested food prevent the free movement of not only what the person eats, but also intestinal parasites. Worm eggs often linger in the lower part of the stomach and open in it, releasing larvae precisely because of poor patency in the intestinal lumens.
Other factors predisposing to the fact that some types of worms are localized in the stomach are diseases of the digestive system. Gastritis, erosion of mucous tissues, disturbances in acidity, peptic ulcer diseases and other pathologies are the factors that make the gastric environment suitable for helminth living.
Why do worms get into my stomach?
In addition to delaying invasive eggs on the way to the intestines and, accordingly, releasing larvae in the stomach, there are other options for how worms end up in this organ.
The most frequent route of parasites to the stomach is not independent migration up the digestive tract, but the mechanical effect of muscle cramps experienced by a person during vomiting.
The pathogenic activity of the worms, their movement or fixing on the intestinal walls often causes nausea. Nausea often passes into vomiting, and at the same time, the worms, together with food particles, rise from the intestines to the stomach.
To find out if the worms in the stomach, focusing solely on their own feelings, is quite difficult. In the event that the worms enter the stomach as a result of muscle cramps in the abdominal cavity caused by nausea or because of something else, the initial symptoms of invasion are typical of intestinal helminthiasis. Therefore, signs of the presence of worms in the stomach usually go unnoticed.
Often mask the manifestations and symptoms of diseases of the digestive system, such as an ulcer or gastritis, characteristic of the gastric form of helminthiasis. With an exacerbation of these ailments, the painful sensations are so strong that other symptoms are lost against their background, a sick person simply does not attach importance to them, attributing their presence to an aggravated ailment.
Meanwhile, exacerbations of chronic pathologies in the main digestive organ are the first evidence of the presence of helminths in it. Other signs of gastric invasion include:
- Pain sensations of various intensities, concentrated clearly in the stomach, the cause of which is not related to the diet, physical activity, alcohol or disease.
- Severe heartburn.
- Pronounced halitosis, the strongest in the morning and not disappearing after brushing your teeth and using means for fresh breath.
- Belching after eating.
- A feeling of fullness of the stomach, but at the same time a feeling of hunger.
- Change in the taste perception of products, the presence of a specific taste in the mouth.
- Often hiccups.
- Intolerance to hunger, even a day without eating, cause severe pain, cramping, dizziness and other ailments.
In some cases, most often in children and adolescents, the development of gastric helminthiasis proceeds similarly to the development of bulimia. That is, the child or adolescent has a constant desire to eat, but at the same time, after ingestion of food, the patient’s stomach begins to contract, which causes an attack of nausea, resulting in vomiting.
The signs of invasion do not end there, in each case there are individual symptoms. As a rule, these include:
- allergic manifestations of a different nature,
- persistent sensation of movement within the body or internal itching,
- a feeling of bloating, pressure in it.
How is it detected?
It is more difficult to determine the presence of worms or other parasites in the stomach than to detect their presence in the intestines. Of course, the basis for the diagnosis of the disease is a coprogram, that is, a laboratory study of feces submitted for analysis, carried out in order to detect worm eggs, their larvae or other traces of their presence in feces.
But unlike the intestinal form of the disease, with the gastric localization of parasites of their eggs or larvae, fragments of the worms themselves are not always present in the feces. For this reason, if the results of the coprogram are negative, but the well-being described by the person indicates a developing invasion, other studies are being conducted.
For the diagnosis of gastric forms of helminthiases are used:
- FDGS, i.e. fibrogastroduodenoscopy of the stomach.
- Ultrasound of the entire abdominal cavity.
- General and special blood tests.
- X-ray examination using a contrast medium.
The combination of these diagnostic methods allows you to accurately determine what exactly causes pain in the human stomach and, of course, to identify the presence of worms in it, or to establish their absence.
Treatment of the gastric form of helminthiasis is not much different from the treatment of intestinal invasion. Worms can be completely removed independently, that is, to clean at home your own stomach from parasites. However, you should not start treatment without consulting a doctor and information about which parasites are harmful to health. Not every medicine is able to effectively deal with all types of helminths.
In addition to the variety of worms, for the treatment it is necessary to take into account a number of individual nuances, such as weight and age, the presence of chronic diseases and the severity of the body's immune response to the activity of worms. Therefore, you should take exactly those pills that the doctor prescribes, and also follow the treatment regimen developed by the doctor.
The following medicines help get rid of worms in the digestive organs:
Where do worms come from?
Many are sure that parasites can be infected only if you take food with dirty hands. However, there are other ways in which worms can enter the body of a child and an adult. Knowing how they enter our body, you can significantly reduce the risk of infection with worms.
In the stomach, larvae hatch from pinworm eggs, which, once in the intestine, turn into worms
So, the parasite can be acquired in the gastrointestinal tract in the following ways:
- non-compliance with hand hygiene requirements,
- non-compliance with sanitary standards for products, insufficient hygiene and heat treatment (unwashed fruits, uncooked or raw meat and fish),
- drinking from contaminated sources, open water bodies, and also washing dishes or products intended for raw consumption in them,
- contacts with animals (both domestic and wild),
- insufficient fight against flies,
- direct contact with a person infected with worms,
- the use of exotic food.
All of these situations can easily lead to parasites getting into the stomach and intestines of a person and the development of diseases - helminthiases. However, he may not have any symptoms.
Signs of parasites in the body
The presence of worms in the gastrointestinal tract, both in a child and in an adult, may not manifest itself for a long time. Worms have a general toxic effect on the body, therefore, they do not have specific symptoms of manifestation. In this case, anything can hurt.
Helminthiasis can last for years, and a person will heal non-existent diseases all this time.
There are a number of common symptoms by which you can determine or suspect that a person has worms.
- Fatigue quickly sets in, sleep is disturbed, irritability, depression occurs. There is general weakness or malaise, a breakdown. There may be periods of improvement in well-being, but then they are replaced again by fatigue. Usually a person decides that he just needs to rest or sleep.
- Often in the gastrointestinal tract there are discomfort, it hurts in the abdomen and stomach. Stool disorders may occur: diarrhea or, conversely, constipation. Violations are associated with increased gas formation, rumbling, bloating. There are problems with appetite: it can both be absent and increase.
- Violations of the circulatory system are expressed by anemia.
- Muscles may hurt.
- Allergic manifestations are diverse and depend on the body. This may be a rash, exacerbation of psoriasis, itching of the body. Possible cough or runny nose for no apparent reason, but wearing a chronic lingering nature.
Localization of worms in the stomach
In the gastrointestinal tract, parasites can be located in any department. It is believed that they cannot live in the stomach, due to the high acid content. Therefore, the presence of worms in this section can occur in people who have a low acidity of the environment, as well as in a child or people with weakened immunity.
With the act of swallowing, the larvae enter the stomach, and then into the intestines, and only then mature worms develop from them
Even if adult worms cannot fully live in the stomach, their eggs fall into it. And this also leads to intoxication. All of the above symptoms are characteristic of the gastric form of worms. Acid resistant eggs cause discomfort, pain, loss of appetite, and nausea. In addition, rash and weakness may occur.
The intestines are most often inhabited by round and ribbon worms. It is this section of the gastrointestinal tract that shows the most signs of the presence of worms. In addition to the above symptoms, parasites that live in the intestines of a child and an adult can cause itching in the anus, a feeling of movement in the abdomen, frequent pain and bloating. If the worms live in the intestines, then blood or mucus can be found in the feces. Since this department of the body is responsible for immunity, its sharp decrease and lack of strength can indicate helminthic invasion.
Worms live in the small, large, rectum
Different types of worms can live in the intestines, and in some cases, several species simultaneously in one person. So, the small intestine "loves" roundworm, opisthorchia live in the liver, and pinworm prefers the colon. Some of the tapeworms live asymptomatically, and you can detect them only by passing a stool or blood test.
Parasites in the pancreas
Various worms can live in the pancreas, as well as parasites such as flukes and giardia. Worms living in the organ lead to significant weight loss, despite a good appetite. A person quickly loses weight and loses strength, his stomach often hurts.
Detecting worms in the pancreatic ducts without special research methods is quite problematic. As a rule, their expulsion requires long-term treatment associated with a certain diet, as well as maintaining hygiene.
Diagnosis of worms in the digestive tract
In order to determine the presence of parasites in both a child and an adult, symptoms alone are not enough. It is necessary to take feces and blood tests. Analysis of feces is a macroscopic method of research and often its implementation is enough to make a diagnosis. An additional increase in eosinophils in the general blood test will confirm suspicions.
Although in feces you can find eggs, and fragments of worms, and adults, however, some of the worms can only be detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. To do this, apply such methods that allow you to detect antibodies to parasites in the blood serum. These include, for example, ELISA.
Popular diagnostic methods include: fecal examination, Scotch test for the detection of eggs of worms
In addition, other methods will help detect worms in the stomach and pancreas:
- PCR (DNA analysis),
- FGDS (fibrogastroduodenoscopy).
Treatment of intestinal worms
The expulsion of parasites from the intestines of a child and an adult is not an easy task. Many of the diseases caused by worms in the stomach have similar symptoms to other diseases. And some helminthiases, for example, those caused by echinococci, can only be cured by surgery. In addition, antiparasitic drugs cause the death of only mature worms. At the same time, larvae and eggs are not amenable to the action of drugs, and then turn into adults.
For treatment, they use both drugs, which are divided into several groups, and folk remedies. However, treating worms on their own is not recommended, especially in a child. To get the effect, you need to accurately determine which parasite is present in the body, and choose the appropriate medicine.
Therefore, using traditional medicine, you must first pass tests and consult with a specialist.
In addition, some drugs from parasites in the gastrointestinal tract are toxic, and they should be taken only in a hospital, under the supervision of a doctor.
Can parasites live in the human stomach?
In a healthy person, the possibility of the presence of worms in the stomach is doubtful. The fact is that stomach acid is a serious enough obstacle to the possibility of the existence of gastric worms. Parasites, as a rule, do not have a strong outer shell to protect against the effects of acid, which without such protection will simply corrode them.
In some diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, accompanied by a decrease in the secretion of hydrochloric acid, or a decrease in its concentration, the existence of gastric parasites is theoretically possible.
In this case, we are talking about large worms (worms), which can accidentally enter the stomach from other internal organs.
However, even in this case, there is no question of the long (years) existence of parasites in the stomach, they can be there for no more than a couple of months (theoretically), since there are no conditions for the normal functioning of helminths in the stomach.
What parasites can live in the stomach?
As mentioned earlier, large parasitic individuals can exist in the stomach. Usually these are ordinary parasites in the intestine that accidentally migrated to the epigastrium and settled there for a relatively short time.
The following worms can live in a person’s stomach:
- Taenia solium (aka “pork tapeworm”) - the causative agent of teniosis. The worm can reach a length of 3 meters.
- Taeniarhynchus saginatus (aka “bull tapeworm”) - the causative agent of teniarinhoz. The worm can reach a length of 10 meters.
- Ascaris lumbricoides (she’s the “human roundworm”) - the causative agent of ascariasis. The worm can reach a length of 40 centimeters.
- Toxocara canis and Toxocara cati - causative agents of toxocariasis. The worm can reach a length of 12 centimeters.
- Trichocephalus trichiurus (aka “whipworm”) is the causative agent of trichocephalosis. The worm can reach a length of 5 centimeters.
Methods of infection
Primary infection with intestinal parasites occurs when elementary rules of personal hygiene are not observed. In second place is neglect of the rules of storage and processing of food products before their use.
However, in such ways infection occurs with parasites that live in the intestines. Their subsequent migration to the epigastrium in most cases does not depend on the patient. In this case, there is the possibility of migration of helminths into the stomach during their provocation by the patient.
Most often this happens in cases where the patient, on his own initiative, suspecting infection with worms, uses medications in the wrong dosages to destroy them. As a result, such treatment does not lead to the elimination of parasitic worms, but forces them to leave the place of parasitism.
In this case, parasites rush to other internal organs. Usually in the lungs (you can read about parasites in the human lungs separately), bile ducts and even the esophagus. This in some cases ends with the subsidence of the worm in the epigastrium of a sick person. This is one of the reasons why doctors prohibit the independent treatment of any parasitic diseases.
The clinical signs of the presence of worms in the epigastrium are so nonspecific that it is not possible to make an accurate diagnosis without laboratory and instrumental diagnostics. The presence of parasites in the human stomach is accompanied by such signs that resemble other banal gastrointestinal diseases: ulcers, gastritis, and so on.
In general, the symptoms of worms in the human stomach can be as follows:
- pain of varying intensity in the stomach,
- a feeling of fullness of the stomach even against the background of prolonged fasting,
- nausea, vomiting (in the vomit may be parasites or their fragments),
- a feeling of a foreign object and a feeling of stirring in the stomach,
- a significant decrease in appetite, but in rare cases, an increase in appetite is possible,
- constant burping of air.
Parasites in the human stomach (video)
The treatment of worms in the stomach can be carried out in two ways: with the help of drug therapy and with the help of surgical intervention.
For drug treatment, the patient is prescribed Albendazole, piperazine, or, in more rare cases, Vermox. In this case, drug therapy should be carried out in a hospital and under the supervision of a treating doctor.
In cases where drug therapy is ineffective or dangerous (for example, if you can not allow the death of a worm), an operation is prescribed. With it, fixation and subsequent removal of the worms from the epigastrium with an endoscope or hands is performed with open surgery on the abdominal cavity.
Types of intestinal parasites
In the departments of the gastrointestinal tract can live a variety of pathogenic organisms. Some of them are the simplest. This is a whole group of unicellular, eukaryotic organisms. Once in the human body, they begin to parasitize and provoke a wide range of clinical diseases in it.
Such infections are known as intestinal protozoa and are caused by the following microorganisms:
- Intestinal Balantidium.
- Blastocystis hominis.
- Dientameba Fragilis.
- Dysenteric amoeba.
- Intestinal lamblia.
The most common mode of transmission of protozoa is through the absorption of water or food contaminated with faeces from humans or animals.
Other parasites that are harmful to humans are intestinal worms. These are multicellular organisms that look like worms. Intestinal helminthiasis refers to any disease caused by them. Worms are classified into round, flat and flukes. The following parasitic helminths live in the human intestines:
Worms in the stomach are most often the result of eating raw and not enough heat-treated meat of cattle and poultry, wild animals, fish, shellfish, and crustaceans. Poorly washed greens, vegetables, and fruits are another contagious source. Worms in humans also appear as a result of non-compliance with hygiene rules. Most parasitic infections are common in hot and humid climates.
Endoscopic examination - a method associated with the introduction into the stomach of a patient with a thin probe, at the end of which a video camera is placed. Endoscopy allows you to:
- Visually detect large worms,
- Detect traces of parasites,
- Assess the general condition of the stomach,
- If necessary, conduct medical procedures (stop bleeding, extract the parasite).
Due to the fact that the procedure is associated with mechanical penetration into the stomach, endoscopic examination has contraindications. These include:
- Myocardial infarction
- Angina pectoris,
- Hypertonic disease,
- Esophageal spasm
- Esophageal ulcer
- Varicose veins of the stomach and esophagus,
- Aortic aneurysm, etc.
If there are contraindications for gastroscopy, it can be replaced by research methods such as radiography and ultrasound. However, these techniques can not be compared with gastroscopy in terms of information and functionality.
In addition to such a method as endoscopic diagnosis, which allows you to visually examine the alleged focus of the pathology, laboratory examination methods can also be used. The presence of worms can be assumed on the basis of a general and biochemical analysis of blood, as well as the results of a study on the antigen-antibody complex.
Helminthiasis can be treated using traditional or traditional medicine, as well as using dietary supplements, which combine the positive aspects of both methods.
The main drugs used in the treatment of helminthic invasion can be divided into two large groups: the mebendazole group and the levomizole group. The first section includes drugs such as albendazole, feed, vermox.
The second section includes pyrantel, decaris, helminthox.
The mebendazole group is more toxic, therefore its use in the presence of worms in the stomach is unreasonable. It is more advisable to prescribe to the patient funds from the levomizole group. Despite less toxicity, they have an excellent anthelmintic effect. Levomizole and its derivatives are prescribed at the rate of 10 mg / kg body weight. It is necessary to take the drug in the morning, after a light breakfast.
Treatment with folk remedies can be carried out using many medicinal plants. However, the localization of parasites directly in the stomach allows you to do the simplest means, which, in direct contact with the parasite, will achieve an adequate therapeutic effect.
As a treatment, onions and garlic can be used in combination with milk, raw pumpkin seeds, or consumed in pure form. In addition, you can get rid of worms with the help of tansy flowers, crushed and mixed with cloves and wormwood. This recipe has certain contraindications. This "triad" is not recommended for pregnant and lactating women.
Biologically active additives
The use of dietary supplements allows combining the effectiveness of industrial medicines with the safety and low toxicity of folk recipes. Additives are plant based. In their production, a whole set of extracts from natural raw materials with anthelmintic action is used.
The most effective dietary supplements that can relieve worms in the human stomach include:
The composition of these products includes birch leaf, ginger, mint, cloves, tansy, wormwood and many other components.
Any conservative treatment will be effective only if there is a small helminth in the stomach. The presence of especially large parasites (bovine or pork tapeworm) almost always requires surgical intervention.
Treatment for children and pregnant women
Both young children and pregnant women are strictly contraindicated in toxic drugs. Also a contraindication to the use of most anthelmintic drugs is the period of breastfeeding. Helminthiasis in such patients should be treated as gently as possible, even if recovery takes longer.
Helminthiasis therapy is not carried out in the first trimester of pregnancy. At this time, treatment can do more harm than the disease itself. Further, women, as well as children under 2-3 years of age, are prescribed piperazine, which has the most gentle effect. In addition, folk remedies are used:
- Raw pumpkin seeds
- Decoction of birch leaf,
Tansy and wormwood, as well as onions, garlic and other products that have an irritating effect, are undesirable.
Signs of infection
Many people care how to find out if there are worms in the intestines? Although helminthiases may resemble other diseases, parasitic invasions have characteristic features. But they most often vary depending on the number of pathogenic organisms, their species and the host's immune response.
Symptoms of worms in an adult are often absent. People can live with parasites for many years without even knowing it. After all, in fact, few people know how the stomach hurts with worms. It also happens that infections caused by simple parasites or worms are very difficult.
If the invasion is severe, then it most often manifests itself as follows:
- Stool problems - diarrhea or constipation.
- General malaise.
- Incomprehensible abdominal pain.
- Temperature rise.
- Weight loss.
- Disorders of the gallbladder.
- Enlarged liver and spleen.
- Pain in the muscles and joints.
Symptoms of worms in humans are explained by the fact that worms cause local inflammation and provoke a systemic reaction. In addition, parasites secrete toxins that enter the bloodstream and poison the entire body. Therefore, the manifestations are so diverse - from colic in the stomach and changes in appetite to chronic fatigue and frequent colds.
Some worry whether the stomach can be affected by worms. The answer is no, because the worms in the stomach do not live. They just can not stand the acidic environment. Parasites in the human stomach spend a very short time when they get there with food or water at the stage of an egg or larva. The next refuge for them is the small intestine, where they continue their lives in more favorable conditions.
The stomach cannot hurt because worms are in the stomach. The malaise is explained by their activity in the intestines.
In humans, T helper cells and eosinophils respond to intestinal worms. Inflammation leads to the encapsulation of egg parasite deposits throughout the body. Helminths release toxins into the intestines after eating. These substances then enter the circulatory and lymphatic systems, poisoning the human body.
A chronic immune response to parasitic invasion can lead to increased susceptibility to other infectious diseases, such as tuberculosis, malaria, and HIV.
If helminthiases and protozoa are not treated, then this will affect the whole body. Reduced working productivity, school performance is reduced in children, fertility problems appear, and chronic ailments in the digestive tract develop. For example, parasites in the pancreas lead to acute pancreatitis. This is an inflammatory process that develops as a result of the accumulation of enzymes.
Characteristic signs of the disease:
- Severe pain in the upper abdomen, often extending to the back.
- Nausea or vomiting.
- Lowering blood pressure.
- Sticky skin.
- Bloating and tenderness.
Pancreatic parasites adversely affect the condition of the liver and bile ducts. As a result, diseases such as cholangitis, cholecystitis, necrosis and tissue abscess develop.
Intestinal parasites in humans can lead to chronic diseases due to a lack of vitamins. Although the worm competes with the host for nutrients, the effect is not as strong as the parasite's nutritional needs are relatively small. Impaired absorption of the necessary substances is more likely the result of damage to the intestinal mucosa wall, chemical imbalance, or changes in the intestinal flora.
Other causes are the release by the worms of protease inhibitors to protect against digestive processes and diarrhea, which shortens the travel time of the food lump in the intestines.
Malnutrition due to worms in the stomach sometimes leads to anorexia. This problem may be the result of the body's immune response and stress due to the fight against infection.
Helminths that parasitize in the gastrointestinal tract can lead to iron deficiency anemia. Violation becomes especially pronounced with severe invasions caused by parasites that feed on the blood of the hosts. Although the daily consumption of an individual worm is small, a large number of parasites can be clinically significant.
Anemia is associated with a decrease in the ability to learn new information and apathy, irritability and fatigue. Other signs are lethargy, dizziness, weakness, drowsiness.
Symptoms of parasites do not always help to accurately determine the diagnosis of invasion. Indeed, the manifestations can in many cases be confused with the course of another disease. So, for worms you can usually take food poisoning. Therefore, the presence of intestinal worms and protozoa can be determined not only by characteristic signs, but also by analysis.
As a rule, in order to explain abdominal pain with worms and to check if there are parasites in the digestive tract, the doctor gives a referral to the examination of feces and blood. Based on the results, a diagnosis is made, additional tests are prescribed, for example, using visualization techniques. All this will help to find out if the stomach can hurt from worms or other health problems.
Periodically examined for helminthiasis is necessary for the following population groups:
- Students in preschool and school.
- Food service workers.
- The employees of medical institutions.
- To veterinarians.
- To the hunters.
- Farm workers.
After the infected person has found out what parasites live in the intestines, it is necessary to get rid of them. Depending on the clinical case, medicines of both pharmaceutical production and those prepared according to traditional recipes are used. In advanced cases, intestinal parasites are eliminated through surgery.
How to fight and remove worms and protozoa is determined by a specialist. Self-treatment is dangerous and fraught with unexpected consequences. Particular care is needed for children under 12 years of age, pregnant and lactating mothers.